For minor children, their father is the legal guardian and, in his absence, their mother will be the legal guardian. A father is entitled by law to custody of his minor child and therefore cannot enter into an agreement inconsistent with his obligations under that custody. When such an agreement is reached, it is non-agreeable because it is contrary to public policy. In England, both agreements are illegal and unenforceable. However, in India, only agreements that appear to be entered into for gambling purposes in disputes and for breaches or to repress others, by encouraging lay litigation, are not enforced, but not all support and championship agreements are enforced. Unlike public policy, agreements that restrict the individual freedom of the parties are non-agreeable. For minor children, their father is the legal guardian and, in his absence, their mother will be the legal guardian. A father is entitled to custody of his minor child and therefore cannot enter into an agreement inconsistent with his obligations under that custody. If such an agreement is reached, it is not acceptable because it is contrary to public policy. In the case of Veerayya v. Sobhanandri [vii], a person, a person reached an agreement to withdraw the charge of S. 420 from the Indian penal code in 1860 against the accused.
As the offence has been aggravated, the court`s agreement is necessary and the agreement has therefore been quashed. In the case of Ouseph Poulo/Catholic Union Bank Ltd. [viii], two parties agreed to close the criminal proceedings on certain considerations and it was found that such transactions are contrary to public policy. Privy counsel in the case of Raja Venkata Subhadrayamma Guru v. Sree Pusapathi Venkapathi Raju[vi], said that the court cannot refuse to force such arrangements if the court sees that it is not made with a bonafide or reward object seems to be the subject of blackmail and maintained that Champerty and maintenance are not illegal in India. Figure 2: A person `A` is convicted of murder and `B` is the witness. If an agreement is reached with “B” to change his testimony / not appear in court, it is illegal and not aeig. Agreements that prohibit a contractor from asserting all or part of his rights on a contract are, in this respect, null and final.
An agreement to defraud creditors or tax authorities is not applicable because it is contrary to public policy. Example 2: An agreement with B because of their divorce and their marriage to A. Hero had failed. It is an agreement by which one or the other party or a third party receives a certain amount of money in return for the marriage. Such agreements, which are opposed to public order, have no effect. Private lawyer in the case of Raja Venkata Subhadrayamma Guru v. Sree Pusapathi Venkapathi Raju[vi], said that the court cannot refuse such arrangements if the court sees that it is not made with a bonafide or a reward object seems to be the theme of blackmail and claims that Champerty and maintenance are not illegal in India. It is clear that the opinion and interpretation of public order is broad and that, on the basis of agreement and opposition, it is the judgment of the Tribunal itself. If an agreement is declared against public order, it is also annulled under Section 23 of the Indian Contract Act of 1872. If an agreement is invalidated as opposed to public order, it cannot call into question the order of citizens` right to enter into a contract. Any trade in enemies is contrary to public order.
It is therefore illegal and not aeig. However, if a contract is concluded during the peace period and a war subsequently breaks out, one of the two things can lead to the suspension of the treaty or termination, depending on the intention of the parties. It should be noted at this stage that, although an agreement for marriage is inconclusive, the marriage will be a valid marriage.